The G-series delivered 1200 hp at 2500 rpm and made up the bulk of R-1820 Wright Cyclone production during World War 2
As the German’s morning raid coasted in over England there were 16 fighter squadrons from 11 Group, plus 5 from 12 Group – Bader’s ‘Big Wing’ – in the air to meet it
A fateful change in strategy by the German High Command meant that the pressure was taken off the RAF airfields but this was proceeded by a vast attack on London by Luftflotte 3. Over 250 German aircraft dropped 625 tons of high explosive bombs and thousands of incendiaries on the London Docklands
Malcolm Gray was buried in a family grave at Fulford, near York, with the inscription on the headstone: “To the Glorious Memory of our dearly loved son, Sergeant Pilot Malcolm Gray 72 (Fighter) Squadron (Spitfire) RAF, killed in action in Defence of Britain, September 5 1940 aged 20 years. Faithful unto Death.”
At the end of this day, the Luftwaffe lost a total of 69 aircraft while the RAF Fighter Command 29. The British later named the day the “Hardest Day” to reflect the high casualties suffered by either side.
72 Squadron intercept a formation of sixty-five Heinkel He.111 of KG26 escorted by twenty-one Messerschmitt Bf.110’s of 1/ZG76 over the North Sea